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October 31, 1941

Today In History

Mount Rushmore National Memorial Opens

Getting this project underway was a challenge all by itself. Once Doane Robinson and others had found a sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, they had to get permission to do the carving. Senator Peter Norbeck and Congressman William Williamson were instrumental in getting the legislation passed to allow the carving. Williamson drafted two bills, one each to be introduced in the United States Congress and the South Dakota Legislature. The bill requesting permission to use federal land for the memorial easily passed through Congress. The bill sent to the South Dakota Legislature faced more opposition. The Mount Harney National Memorial bill was defeated twice before narrowly passing. Governor Gunderson signed the bill on March 5, 1925, and established the Mount Harney Memorial Association later that summer. With the commission organized and money in the bank, Borglum could now begin to work in earnest on the mountain. Workers were hired, machinery installed and facilities constructed. During the 1930's Senator Norbeck worked tirelessly to secure continued funding through emergency relief programs that were part of President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal, which were also matched with funds from the original appropriation bill. In 1933, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 6166, which drastically changed the management of the project. Mount Rushmore was now placed under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service and was supervised by engineer Julian Spotts, who began to look for ways to improve efficiency and working conditions. Gutzon Borglum, always uneasy with outside control over his projects, became resentful of being under "the watchful eye of the government. Borglum successfully returned control of the project to an appointed commission, mostly of his choosing, in 1938. The new commission allowed Borglum nearly complete control over most aspects of the project. During this time of increased freedom, Borglum began construction of a large repository, called the Hall of Records, in a valley behind the sculpture. This repository was intended to tell the story of Mount Rushmore and of the United States . After the United States Congress threatened to cut off all funding for the project unless used specifically to finish the sculpture itself, Borglum reluctantly stopped work on the hall in 1939. Due to later events, the Hall of Records was never finished. Gutzon Borglum spent much of the last two years of the project traveling and working to secure additional funding. While he was away his son, Lincoln Borglum, supervised the work on Mount Rushmore. In March, 1941, as a final dedication was being planned, Gutzon Borglum died. This fact, along with the impending American involvement in World War II, led to the end of the work on the mountain. On October 31, 1941, Mount Rushmore National Memorial was declared a completed project.

Remember When

CLASSIC IMAGE: Sinatra and Elvis
A restored clip of Roger Maris' Legendary 61st Home Run as called by Red Barber and aired over WPIX-TV - October 1, 2011
The AFL - The 1966 Kansas City Chiefs
Song of the Day
Jackson Browne - The Load-Out / Stay
Best sketches of SNL's 40 years in under 4 minutes
Explore America
MICHIGAN -The Soo Locks between Lake Superior and the lower Great Lakes

Classic Album Covers

TV Show of the Day
The Rolling Stones appear on The Mike Douglas Show in 1964
Chorus Line - "One" the finale from the movie in 1985
Hundreds of hopefuls congregate at a cattle call for Broadway dancers. A sour director, Zach 'Michael Douglas', and his brusque assistant Terrence Mann whittle down the ranks until they're left with 16 dancers. All tell their life stories | some tragic, some comic that explained their love of dance. Tension mounts when Cassie 'Alyson Reed' once both a big star and the director's lover but now desperate for a part auditions. But Zach must choose only the best for his show.
The Games Greatest... When Baseball was Wonderful
Interview of the Day
Arlo Guthrie interviewed by Tom Brokaw about the 1960s, Vietnam, anti-war movements, music and more
Civil rights pioneer Rosa Parks is remembered

JFK Images

Great Baseball Feats

Babe Ruth hit 60 HR in 1927

Frank Robinson - won the Triple Crown in 1966 - his first year in Baltimore

Denny McClain won 31 games in 1968

Carl Yastrzemski won the Triple Crown in 1976 with the Red Sox

Walter Johnson won 36 games in 1913 - he only lost 7

Babe Ruth hit 60 HR in 1927

Frank Robinson - won the Triple Crown in 1966 - his first year in Baltimore

Denny McClain won 31 games in 1968

Carl Yastrzemski won the Triple Crown in 1976 with the Red Sox

Walter Johnson won 36 games in 1913 - he only lost 7

Collectible Editions

You have a choice of three versions of our collectible edition to select from. 52-pages, 100-pages (special oversized edition) and our 104-page version (hard cover). Enjoy your stroll down memory lane!



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